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154 items found:

THOMPSON, Sir H. Modern Cremation. Its history and practice .. recently improved arrangements made by the Cremation Society of England. London, Kegan Paul 1889. Octavo half gilt morocco; viii,95pp & publisher's list, frontispiece. Ex parliamentary library with their gilt crest on the front board and incorporated into the spine, no other markings. Some foxing at the ends, one signature sprung but a handsome enough copy. Au$75

First edition, a second appeared in 1891. By the funereal reformer, founder and president of the Society. Cremation, for the modern westerner, is a materialistic, utilitarian question. Public health is the main spur for the cremationist and the spiritual barely touched upon - the body is being desanctified; which may or may not explain why Italy was the pioneer of modern cremation. There the subject was first raised in the 1860's and by the mid 1880's several hundred people had been burnt. In England Thompson caused the first storm with an article in the Contemporary Review in 1874, the year his Society was founded. The first human cremations to occur in England, and test the law, were private affairs in privately built crematoria and it is only now (ie 1889) that laws and codes were being formulated.


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VERNON-HARCOURT, Leveson Francis. Achievements in Engineering During the Last Half Century. London, Seeley 1891. Octavo cloth (a bit flecked); viii,311pp, 23 plans, photo illustrations &c, most full page. Front fly removed. Au$50

A not uninteresting survey of recent engineering marvels by an expert. Vernon-Harcourt was the former Engineer of the West India Docks and author of two exemplary books on docks and river and canal engineering.


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THOMPSON, Sir H. Modern Cremation. Its history and practice .. recently improved arrangements made by the Cremation Society of England. Second edition revised and greatly enlarged. London, Kegan Paul 1891. Octavo publisher's cloth; xii,163pp and publisher's catalogue; frontispiece and 11 illustrations (five being full page plans or elevations). A nice copy. Au$225

By the funereal reformer, founder and president of the Society. Cremation, for the modern westerner, is a materialistic, utilitarian question. Public health is the main spur for the cremationist and the spiritual barely touched upon - the body is being desanctified; which may or may not explain why Italy was the pioneer of modern cremation. There the subject was first raised in the 1860's and by the mid 1880's several hundred people had been burnt. In England Thompson caused the first storm with an article in the Contemporary Review in 1874, the year his Society was founded (his improvements to this edition include reprinting this 1874 paper and a subsequent answer to the critics).
The first human cremations to occur in England, and test the law, were private affairs in privately built crematoria and this book was first published two years earlier as laws and codes were being formulated. This edition includes instructions for arranging cremation at the Society's crematorium (the only one in use in England) near Woking and descriptions of the crematorium, the furnace, and offers suggestions for cinerary urns. The frontispiece is the architect's rendering of their chapel and crematoria, a fine bit of 13th century English church architecture, unremarkable in any tasteful parish - except for the 13th century industrial chimney sprouting from the middle of the building.


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[LANE, William]. The Workingman's Paradise: an Australian Labour Novel. By John Miller. Sydney, printed by Edwards Dunlop for the Worker Board of Trustees 1892. Octavo publisher's red cloth blocked in blind. Title browned by the endpaper as usual; there was no half title or blank between them. A rather good copy. Au$850

First edition of this influental if fairly impenetrable socialist anarchist novel by the Messiah of the working class. The 1948 edition was on the shelf of every thoughtful Australian in the second half of the 20th century but I've only ever met one person who insisted he read the whole thing. He made many improbable claims. I think an earlier generation were more thorough: copies of this in good shape have always been hard to find.
Lane's preface admits that it's a bit of an unresolved mess but those who want a happy end - like his wife - and those who want Nellie dead of a broken heart - like an unnamed friend - will have to wait for the next book. I dozed off so I'm not sure when the action switched from Nellie to Ned alone and don't know where we left her.


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MURPHY, G. [George] Read. Beyond the Ice. Being a story of the newly discovered region round the north pole. Edited from Dr. Frank Farleigh's diary. London, Sampson Low & Melbourne, Hutchinson [1894]. Octavo publisher's illustrated blue cloth (two small blobs of wax on the front cover, marks on the back). Somewhat canted, not a bad copy of a book guaranteed to respond badly to handling. A signed presentation, dated March 1894, from Murphy to Geelong lawyer Aurel Just, "gentleman, Dremanist and possessor of other titles," with a quote from his character Vernon Dreman. Au$950

Only edition of this polar utopia and dystopia which Geelong author Murphy - I suspect simple perversity - took to the opposite end of the world in defiance of the usual Australian practice of heading south. Heaps of scientific advances and flying machines as expected but reform and enlightened progress can only go so far: adult women are enfranchised until they marry, then the possible conflict between husband and wife is not worth the candle.
"The chief characters seem to spend a deal of unnecessary time in consuming oysters and brown bread" warned the North Melbourne Courier and West Melbourne Advertiser in an otherwise warm review
while suggesting it would be commercially more canny to set the book in central Australia.


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NORDAU, Max [Simon Sudfeld]. Degeneration. London, Heinemann 1895. Octavo publisher's cloth; xiv,560pp and publisher's list for October 1894. A few spots to endpapers and minor signs of use; a quite good copy. Au$150

First English edition of one of the great works of reactionary bile, published in dozens of editions in almost every western language over the next several decades. Nordau sits comfortably within the school of heredity alarmists but carries the battle into the fields of art and literature. His dedication to Lombroso points out this gap in the literature: "Degenerates are not always criminals, prostitutes, anarchists, and pronounced lunatics; they are often authors and artists". Despite his prognosis that the "hysteria of the present day will not last," his hit list (and it is a hit list - he writes with invigorating fury and savagery) almost forms the modern Pantheon of mid-to-late 19th art, literature, music and thought - Flaubert, Baudelaire, Wagner, Nietsche, Tolstoy, Huysmans, Zola, Ibsen, Whitman, Wilde, the pre-Raphaelites, the Symbolists - in much the same way that the Nazi's own model of Nordauism - Jew and Zionist that he was - the Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) gallery encapsulated what is now most celebrated in 20th century art.


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Exhibition, Kyoto 1895. Yoshiwara Takeo. [Daiyonkai Kangyo Hakurankai Taikyoku Zenzu?]. Kyoto, Ide Shozo 1895 (Meiji 28) Lithograph 42x56, folded. A scattering of small wormholes and signs of use; not bad. Au$125

A bird's-eye view of the 4th National Industrial Exhibition held in Kyoto from April to the end of July 1895. Five of these national exhibitions were held between 1877 and 1903; the first three in Tokyo and, after some provincial agitation, this in Kyoto and the fifth in Osaka. Each was bigger, better and more crowded than their predecessor.


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JENNINGS, J. Ellis. Color-Vision and Color-Blindness. A practical manual for railroad surgeons. Philadelphia, F.A. Davis 1896. Octavo, excellent in publisher's cloth; x,115pp and publisher's list, colour frontispiece and 21 illustrations through the text. Au$185

First edition and pretty much the ideal copy as it belonged to a railway surgeon who wrote on colour blindness: D. Emmett Welsh - then formulating tests for workers at the Grand Rapids and Indiana Rail Road. Jennings' intent here is to effect universal reform and adoption of testing - it is astonishing that by 1896 railway companies and other industries where colour blindness could and did cause disaster still ignored the problem - by offering a system of simple and efficient measures.


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Ishii Usaburo. [Shinsen Taisho Hinagata Taizen]. Osaka, Seikado 1897 [Meiji 30]. Six volumes small quarto by size, publisher's embossed wrappers with title labels; illustrations throughout, a couple folding - all lithographed. The cover surfaces well grazed by insects, excellent inside; a rather good set. Au$850

First edition of this excellent builder/architect's pattern book - it was reprinted in 1910 - published just at the time when there was both a cultural argument and a government led reaction against the wholesale importation of western architecture into Japan. This particular book bridges the confrontation between a nationalistic return to ancient temple forms and the fervour for modernisation. Two thirds of this book is traditional Japanese design, structure and carpentry but the last two volumes introduce western building designs and, in the details, western building methods. Here nuts, bolts and metal brackets replace traditional carpentry and masonry forms are described. In the last volume are a series of profiles of mouldings, architectural hardware and fairly elaborate gates, fences and entries in western styles.
At this time architecture itself was an innovation - the first generation of trained architects were beginning to replace the craftsman, until then designer and builder. But the Imperial Palace, despite the Emperor's push for modernity for the country, was not built to the designs of any of the western or western trained architects who submitted designs; it was built by the Imperial Carpenter, who went on to teach many of these young, new architects then, in turn, responsible for the resurgence of Japanese historicism.


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Ueda Chikuo. [Tefukin Hitoriannai Ryuko Kakyokushu]. Tokyo or Osaka? 1897 (Meiji 30). 14x22cm publisher's colour illustrated wrappers; 70pp. Certainly used but an acceptable copy. Au$50

Third or fourth edition I think, all dated the same year. The innocent children of Japan are introduced to the accordian, harmonica, flute and blow accordian. A lot of songs notated with numbers. The book opens right to left which may be modern enough but the title reads right to left on the cover and left to right on the title page. Song titles seem to read right to left but I got confused long before I got to the music. There was an almost identically titled book from the same stable a couple of years earlier. What the difference is I can't say. I found no copies of either outside Japan.


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Hikifuda. [Goto Shokai]. n.p. [c1900] 26x38cm colour woodcut. Small knick from a top corner; a nice copy. Au$135

Bustling modern Japan is celebrated in this advertisement for the Japanese and western liquor merchants Goto Shokai. I presume it's the trademarks of the brands they handle that are displayed.
These hikifuda - small posters or handbills - were usually produced with the text panel blank. The customer, usually a retailer, had their own details over printed, so the same image might sell fine silk or soy sauce.


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ASHWORTH, T.R. & H.P.C. Proportional Representation Applied to Party Government. A new electoral system. Melbourne &c, Robertson 1900. Octavo publisher's cloth (spine top worn); viii,223pp. With a 1933 presentation inscription from barrister, academic and momentary politician Richard Windeyer. Au$90

First edition. A new idea in Australian politics, proportional representation here does not mean what it now means to us but this is the germ of a new and theoretically fairer electoral system, as long as two parties are institutionally supported and minorities (such as the unions) are not allowed untrammelled access to parliament.
This was published for the first Commonwealth election. Thomas Ramsden Ashworth stood unsuccessfully for that first parliament in 1901 and while he continued to work for constitutional reform, taking part in the 1927 constitutional reform commission, he did not publish anything else this substantial. It is his only sustained publication (he published a lot in newspapers and in pamphlet form later in life) and most of this book seems to have been his work. His brother doesn't seem to have published anything else.
An architect by trade and an anti-labourite by profession, T.R. Ashworth was one of the most strident and effective Australian anti-communist propagandists pre-WWII, taking his lessons from the most reactionary American societies - and the American mistake of unchecked immigration.


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ASHWORTH, T.R. & H.P.C. Proportional Government Applied to Party Government. A new electoral system. Melbourne &c, Robertson 1900. Octavo publisher's cloth (spine top worn); viii,223pp. Inscribed ?with the authors' compliments'. Au$125

Only edition. A new idea in Australian politics, proportional representation here does not mean what it now means to us but this is the germ of a new and theoretically fairer electoral system, as long as two parties are institutionally supported and minorities (such as the unions) are not allowed untrammelled access to parliament. This was published for the first Commonwealth election (Thomas Ramsden Ashworth stood unsuccessfully for that first parliament in 1901) and while T.R. Ashworth continued to work for constitutional reform, taking part in the 1927 constitutional reform commission, he did not publish anything else this substantial. It is his only sustained publication (he published a lot in newspapers and in pamphlet form later in life) and most of this book seems to have been his work. His brother doesn't seem to have published anything else. An architect by trade and an anti-labourite by profession, T.R. Ashworth was one of the most strident and effective Australian anti-communist propagandists pre-WWII, taking his lessons from the most reactionary American societies - and the American mistake of unchecked immigration.


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Exhibition - Osaka 1903 [Daigokai naikoku kangyo hakurankai jonai jitchi shukuzu]. Fifth National Industrial Exhibition ... Osaka. Osaka 1903 (Meiji 36). Colour lithograph 55x79cm; folded as issued. A couple of smudges and spots; a rather good copy with its original colour illustrated outer wrapper, Au$300

A pretty good bird's-eye view. The Fifth National Industrial Exhibition in Osaka in 1903, while the last of the series begun in 1877 was the largest and included a lot of firsts. It was the first with a court for foreign countries - quite a few exhibited their wares. It was the first held at night - electricity and illumination was a great feature - and the Japanese public was introduced to wireless telegraphy, American automobiles, x-rays and cinema. A sixth exhibition scheduled for 1907 was to be an international exhibition but that plan fizzled. The Tokyo exhibition of 1907 was pretty grand but not what was hoped for after 1903. It was 1970 before Japan held an international exhibition.


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Hikifuda. [Maruyama Kaikokan]. Osaka 1904 [Meiji 37]. 26x38cm colour woodcut. Old folds, still rather good. Au$250

This is something you don't see very often: a speeding Japanese girl having fun. That expression is the well bred girl's version of a broad grin. The pair in the background look bewildered. This hikifuda advertises silk rather than bicycles but they do go together well.
These hikifuda - small posters or handbills - were usually produced with the text panel blank. The customer, usually a retailer, had their own details over printed, so the same image might sell fine silk or soy sauce.


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FURNIVAL, William James. Leadless Decorative Tiles, Faience, and Mosaic .. history, materials, manufacture and use of ornamental flooring tiles, .. recipes for tile-bodies, and for leadless glaze and art-tile enamels. Staffordshire, the author 1904. Large thick octavo publisher's cloth with inset illustration; xxiv,852pp; 37 plates (18 colour), numerous illustrations. Mild signs of use but an uncommonly good copy. Au$450

Probably the definitive work on 19th century tile manufacture, this is an enormous compendium on the history and manufacture of decorative tiles. And, more importantly perhaps, this contains the results of years of research into ridding the industry of lead-poisoning. Furnival notes that almost 600 women and girls working in the manufacture of earthernware and china had died of lead poisoning between 1895 and 1898.
With added contributions on tiles in China (by Bushell), in India (by Clarke and Marshall), and on designing (by Ambrose Wood).


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Kameda Yoshiro (or Kichirobei). [Wayo Kenchiku Shin Hinagata]. Osaka, Seikado 1907 (Meiji 40). Six volumes 22x15cm, publisher's wrappers with title labels; illustrated throughout with plans, elevations, measured drawings etc. Wrappers with some surface rubbing or insect grazing; a pretty good set. Au$850

I'm not sure whether this should be described as Japanese principles applied to western design or the other way round. I think both, if it matters. An excellent builder's pattern book that was certainly put to wide use.
There is a 2008 learned paper by Yanigasawa and Mizoguchi that shows how Kameda introduced Japanese carpentry and the modular system into western design but all except the precis of their paper is in Japanese so I have no idea how they go about proving their point. They do tell us that Kameda was a master carpenter in Fukuoka.


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Palace of Peace. International Competition of the Carnegie Foundation. The Palace of Peace at The Hague. The 6 premiated and 40 other designs chosen by the society of architecture ... London, Jack 1907. Folio (49x38cm); eight parts loose as issued in publisher's printed wrappers and cloth portfolio (the portfolio a bit marked and bumped); 76 plates (eight colour) - elevations and plans. An excellent set. Au$600

A luxurious production. According to the report judging took several days, votes were close and there was some argument before Cordonnier's baroque wedding cake was given first prize, largely, the report suggests, due to its sympathy with surrounding buildings. Of the now revered competitors, Otto Wagner got fourth prize and Berlage and Saarinen were further down the lists. Despite stylish aspects of their designs and the idiosyncratic splendour of Debat's Indo-Mayan stupa - which looks to me like it could have inspired Burley Griffin's parliament house for Canberra - it does seem, from this distance, that the judges got it right. I'm sure they'll all sleep easier in their graves knowing that.
Cordonnier's building has a joyous optimism that matches the crusading zeal for world peace of patron Carnegie and any number of seemingly sensible exponents of world unity at the time. Wagner's building is an opulent museum or theatre, Saarinen's ideal for a mausoleum, Berlage's a Byzantine basilica, and most of the others studied lumps of classical monumentalism. Cordonnier's building did suffer paring down to meet budget and lost some of its airy charm but still ended up closer to the original design than many winners of other competitions.


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Nakazawa Hiromitsu, Kobayashi Shokichi & Okano Sakae. [Toyo Mirai Sugoroku]. Tokyo, Hakubunkan 1907 (Meiji 40). Colour printed broadside, 55x78cm. Minor flaws and signs of use, some ink splodges on the back. Au$650

A view, or a panoply of views, of a future Asia. Some of these vignettes of what's to come are obvious enough - schoolgirls at rifle drill and sumo wrestlers in striped bathers - but a few seem fairly recondite to me. I'm not sure how much is optimistic, how much is dire warning and how much is wearily stoic.
Nakazawa, Kobayashi and Okano, still young, had been fellow students at the Tokyo School of Fine Arts, and of Kuroda Seiki, and collaborated on the five volume Nihon Meisho Shasei Kiko, issued over several years.


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Nakazawa Hiromitsu, Kobayashi Shokichi & Okano Sakae. [Toyo Mirai Sugoroku]. Tokyo, Hakubunkan 1907 (Meiji 40). Colour printed broadside, 55x78cm. Edges nibbled, a small ink splodge, a bit browned; quite good. Au$425

A view, or a panoply of views, of a future Asia. Some of these vignettes of what's to come are obvious enough - schoolgirls at rifle drill and sumo wrestlers in striped bathers - but a few seem fairly recondite to me. I'm not sure how much is optimistic, how much is dire warning and how much is wearily stoic.
Nakazawa, Kobayashi and Okano, still young, had been fellow students at the Tokyo School of Fine Arts, and of Kuroda Seiki, and collaborated on the five volume Nihon Meisho Shasei Kiko, issued over several years.


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HOLME, Charles [ed]. Colour Photography and other recent developments of the art of the camera. London, The Studio 1908. Quarto publisher's printed wrapper (some wear to wrapper spine and back edge); 113 plates (18 tipped colour). A pretty good copy. Au$150

As usual with The Studio, an intelligent survey of the newest developments in photography, with a scattering of now legendary names and a solid selection of then worthy but now obscure photographers. Some thought has gone into this, the introduction of colour into photography "immediately and profoundly changes the character of the issues involved". These are issues of aesthetics: can the colour photographer lay any claim to "serious artistic regard". So The Studio has made a big step: "never before has it been possible to arraign so representative a series ... the unique image .. has never hitherto been reproduced with so much sensitive and meticulous loyalty".


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BRADSHAW, Lewis. Modern Mansions. A solution of the housing, the servant, and the drink problems, by a rational, an evolutionary, and a scientific method of housing reform. Kettering, Northamptonshire Printing [1908]. Octavo publisher's illustrated wrapper (spine ends neatly repaired); 80pp, six plates (five folding). Au$500

Bradshaw has, with good judgment, seeded sensible British calm through his title - rational, evolutionary, scientific - but this is, for England, a radical little book. Bradshaw proposes housing along lines not just co-operative but communal - he goes so far as to use the term 'collective'. He diverges from the high density urban solutions and the Garden City ideals then predominant among pioneering town planners. Proposed here are short rows of villas or terrace houses - possibly built using Edison's prefabricated concrete system - radiating out from a central amenities hall, these in turn radiating out from a circular town centre of markets and shops.
There are some intriguing parallels here with Garnier's schemes, worked out at about the same time but not published for another decade - given we leave out the epic grandeur of Garnier.


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[Plague]. Citizens Health Committee of San Francisco. Eradicating the Plague from San Francisco. The Committee 1909. Octavo publisher's cloth; 313pp, photo illustrations, facsimiles of circulars. Short tear in title. Au$35


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Hikifuda. ... ... [Takahashiya ... Taromaru ...]. n.p. [c1910?]. 26x38cm colour woodcut. Margins browned. Au$125

I don't know what Takahashiya sold, I'm sorry, but I can tell you that Taromaru is in Toyama and that this patriotic hikifuda celebrates the royal family who in turn celebrate Japan taking to the air. That's the crown prince, soon to be emperor Taisho and his family, presumably his oldest child, Hirohito.
These hikifuda - small posters or handbills - were usually produced with the text panel blank. The customer, usually a retailer, had their own details over printed, so the same image might sell fine silk or soy sauce.


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SPENCE, Catherine Helen. An Autobiography. Adelaide, Thomas 1910. Octavo publisher's printed wrapper (spine chipped); [2],101pp. Portrait frontispiece offset onto title; a quite good copy. Au$200

First edition and just posthumous, it was completed by Jeanne F. Young. A plainly written account with a mix of justifiable pride in her achievements in social reform and almost self effacing modesty. It can also be read as the intellectual and social education of the colony through the second half of the century, charting the ideas and influences from without, their digestion and development within.


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